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NEUROSCIENCE TOPICS

BLOCK 1:

  • Introduction to neuroscience and action potentials
  • Organization of cell types
  • Synapse formation/development
  • Ionic mechanisms of action potentials
  • Propagation of the action potentials
  • Synaptic transmission of skeletal neuromuscular junction and mechanisms of neurotransmitter release
  • Synaptic transmission in the central nervous system/synaptic plasticity
  • Synaptic vesicles, synthesis, transport, exocytosis and retrieval
  • Amino acid neurotransmitters
  • Acetylcholine neurotransmitters
  • Biogenic amine neurotransmitters
  • Neuropeptides and nitric oxide
  • Neurotransmitters and behavior
  • Principles of structural and functional neuroimaging

BLOCK 2:

  • Somatosensory systems
  • Spinal cord
  • Somatosensory pathways
  • Somatosensory processes
  • Pain principles
  • Pain tracts and sources of pain types
  • Pain modulations and mechanisms
  • Clinical modulations and mechanisms
  • Clinical correlations of pain management
  • Chemical senses of olfaction and gustation
  • Vestibular system
  • Auditory system
  • Clinical otology
  • Clinical vestibular correlations
  • Somatosensory disorders & sensory system disease
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Neurological evaluation

BLOCK 3:

  • The eye
  • The visual pathway: the retina
  • Visual processing
  • Overview of the motor system
  • Motor units and muscle receptors
  • Spinal reflexes
  • Motor cortex
  • Basal ganglia
  • Cerebellum
  • Integrated motor system and its disorders
  • Lower motor neuron lesions
  • Upper motor neuron lesions
  • Extrapyramidal disorders
  • Visual motor system
  • Ocular motor system
  • Neuroopthalmolgic methods
  • Cranial nerve examination and disorders
  • Principles of neurosurgical intervention
  • Brain circulation

BLOCK 4:

  • Homeostasis and the structural organization of the hypothalamus
  • Hypothalamic control of the pituitary hormone
  • Central control of the autonomic nervous system and thermoregulation
  • Central control of feeding behavior
  • Neuroendocrine disorders
  • Genetic and neurological disease
  • The limbic system: anatomy, pathways and function of the hippocampus
  • The limbic system: anatomy, pathways and function of the amygdala
  • Learning and memory
  • Amnesia
  • Sleep disorders
  • Language
  • Association and executive processing
  • Blood-brain barrier and brain metabolism
  • Traumatic brain injury and cell death
  • CNS aging and Alzheimer’s Disease

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